Different Types of Treatment for Nasal Polyp Removal

Different Types of Treatment for Nasal Polyp Removal

Nasal polyps are gelatinous sacs that hang down in the nasal passages and/or sinuses. They are noncancerous (benign). There is the likelihood that if these growths are left untreated they can become malignant (cancer). There are available different types of treatments for nasal polyp removal.

There are many reasons for nasal polyps to form: ongoing (chronic) allergic nasal and sinus infections, including cystic fibrosis. Reducing nasal polyps forever is the objective; however, management of allergies does not always eliminate or reduce polyps for allergy suffering people. Treatment is of two methods: medicine or surgery, with surgery being the last choice.


Polyp Removal Methods

When nasal steroids have no effect on nasal polyps, doctors often recommend surgery for nasal polyp removal.

Techniques and procedures for removing polyps can be cauterizing (burning) very small polyp(s) off the nasal and/or sinus tissue. Local anesthetic is used and there is little pain during and after this surgical process. Some medical professionals consider not disturbing the polyps for a time to see if they develop further or simply disappear. It is a good idea to visit your healthcare provider for determining your polyp condition.


When polyps are large and the sinuses are blocked, endoscopic sinus surgery is suggested for polyp removal. General anesthesia is used for inserting an endoscope, a camera at the end of a tube to determine polyp location and the polyps are projected on a computer monitor for the doctor to see. Instruments are subsequently inserted for polyp removal or other tissue obstructing the nasal passages or sinuses. The connective cavities from the nasal openings to the sinuses might be enlarged for breathing ease. After surgery, a special cotton packing with a dressing of gauze is used for controlling bleeding. If substantial bleeding continues, immediately contact your doctor.

Recovery is one to three weeks and rest is recommended for the first few days. Nasal congestion and nosebleeds might occur for the first two to three days. Your doctor will prescribe antibiotics for infection risk including pain medication.


Recovery Precautions

  • No driving or operating machinery for 24-48 hours
  • Do not blow nose
  • Do not smoke
  • Do not drink alcohol
  • Change packing as needed
  • Use saline solutions for rinsing mucous membrane nasal passages
  • Irrigation of the nasal passages encourages healing when the sinuses are kept moist, and minimizes infection risk. A Neti Pot with premixed saline packets is excellent for irrigation providing natural relief for healing sinus tissue.

These are some of the different types of treatment for nasal polyp removal. Consult your doctor for a diagnosis of your symptoms.


Image credit: eraxion / 123RF Stock Photo

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My husband has been discussing surgery for treatment of nasal polyps with his doctor lately. Since I haven’t gone to any of the appointments, I am glad to have found this post with information about his possible surgery so I could learn more about it without asking him a million questions. I was worried at first, but this seems like a relatively low risk procedure and this post put my worries at ease. I’m going to show this to him too!

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